We consider a Canonical Polyadic (CP) decomposition approach to low-rank tensor completion (LRTC) by incorporating external pairwise similarity relations through graph Laplacian regularization on the CP factor matrices. The usage of graph regularization entails benefits in the learning accuracy of LRTC, but at the same time, induces coupling graph Laplacian terms that hinder the optimization of the tensor completion model. In order to solve graph-regularized LRTC, we propose efficient alternating minimization algorithms by leveraging the block structure of the underlying CP decomposition-based model. For the subproblems of alternating minimization, a linear conjugate gradient subroutine is specifically adapted to graph-regularized LRTC. Alternatively, we circumvent the complicating coupling effects of graph Laplacian terms by using an alternating directions method of multipliers. Based on the Kurdyka-Łojasiewicz property, we show that the sequence generated by the proposed algorithms globally converges to a critical point of the objective function. Moreover, the complexity and convergence rate are also derived. In addition, numerical experiments including synthetic data and real data show that the graph regularized tensor completion model has improved recovery results compared to those without graph regularization, and that the proposed algorithms achieve gains in time efficiency over existing algorithms.